What is hand grip strength?

Hand grip strength

Arno Smit

Written by: Jonine Möller, M.Sc. in Sport Science

Handgrip strength is an important predictor of athletic performance potential. While training and nutrition play a big role in handgrip strength, it's also influenced by our genes. Research has shown that there are specific genes that are associated with handgrip strength and muscle mass, both of which are important factors in athletic performance.

Measuring handgrip strength is a simple and non-invasive way to determine athletic performance potential. A strong handgrip can indicate that an individual has the potential for high levels of muscle mass and strength, which are important for success in many sports. Additionally, handgrip strength can be used as an indicator of overall health and fitness, as it has been linked to cardiovascular health, bone density, and longevity.

Hand grip dynamometry is used to hand grip strength is a very simple and validated method of assessing overall absolute strength and endurance.

It's important to note that while genetics plays a role in handgrip strength and athletic performance, it's not the only factor. Training and nutrition can also greatly impact handgrip strength and athletic performance. For example, strength training can increase handgrip strength, and a balanced diet can provide the necessary nutrients for muscle growth and maintenance.

Overall strength is a predictive factor of mortality. It can also reflect an individual’s nutritional state.  Physical strength, which can be reliably measured by hand grip strength, is the first physiological change that occurs with malnutrition.

In conclusion, measuring handgrip strength is a simple and effective way to assess an individual's fitness and potential for success in sports, but it's just one piece of the puzzle. Training and nutrition also play an important role and should not be overlooked in the pursuit of athletic excellence. Your genes, can however, give you a lot of insight into your natural muscle strength.


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