Written by: Jonine Möller, M.Sc. in Sport Science
Leptin is a hormone produced by the fat cells in the body, and it plays a crucial role in regulating long-term energy balance and body weight. The level of leptin in the bloodstream is directly proportional to the amount of body fat an individual has, with higher levels of body fat leading to higher levels of leptin. This hormone acts on the hypothalamus in the brain, sending signals of fullness and reducing food intake.
The production and regulation of leptin levels are controlled by a number of genes, which can affect an individual's susceptibility to weight gain and obesity. Variations in these genes can lead to alterations in the amount of leptin produced and the sensitivity of the brain to its signals.
One such gene is the leptin gene, which codes for the production of leptin. Variations in this gene have been linked to differences in body weight and obesity risk. People with certain variations in the leptin gene may produce less leptin, leading to a state of leptin resistance and decreased ability to sense fullness, which can result in overeating and weight gain.
Another gene that affects leptin levels is the melanocortin-4 receptor gene (MC4R). This gene plays a role in regulating food intake and energy expenditure. Variations in this gene have been associated with obesity, particularly in children and adolescents. Individuals with certain MC4R variants have a decreased sensitivity to the effects of leptin, leading to a reduction in energy expenditure and an increase in food intake.
Additionally, the pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) gene, which produces a precursor to hormones involved in appetite regulation, has also been linked to obesity. Mutations in this gene can result in alterations in the processing of hormones involved in hunger and satiety, leading to changes in food intake and weight.
In conclusion, genes play a significant role in regulating leptin levels and their effect on body weight. Understanding the impact of specific genes on the regulation of leptin and energy balance can help identify individuals at risk for weight gain and inform personalized approaches to managing obesity. However, it is important to note that genetics is just one piece of the puzzle, and lifestyle factors such as diet and physical activity also play a significant role in weight management.
Interested in trying the BioCertica Weight Management DNA kit? Click here and add Weight Management to your cart for only R1699.
If you own any other BioCertica DNA kit, you can instantly unlock your Weight Management results for only R599* in-app.
*Terms and conditions apply: Pharmacogenetics results are R1999 in-app.